Since coffee is literally the fruit of its territory and climate, let's take a look at the climatic diversity of the region. Huila is framed by the central and eastern mountain ranges of the Andes, with most of the region located in the Magdalena Valley. This provides a great variation in climate: temperatures on farms vary from 12 ° C to 26 ° C. Most of these farms are between 1200 and 2200 meters above sea level. They also benefit from nitrogen-rich volcanic soil.

Although we have learned something about the general geography and climate of Huila, there are variations throughout the department. After all, 35 of its 37 municipalities grow coffee. Let's take a look at the main coffee growing areas of Huila and their microclimates:

SOUTHERN REGION: There are 10 municipalities made up of 39,698 coffee families located between the source of the Magdalena River, the most important tributary of the country. What generates a characteristic of temperate climate. In summer it has an average temperature between 18 ° C and 21 ° C. In winter. this drops to between 12 ° C and 14 ° C.

The two municipalities with the largest area planted with coffee in Colombia are Pitalito and Acevedo. The cup is characterized by a fragrance and aroma of chocolate, good sweetness and red fruits, fruity notes, coffee flower, medium-high acidity and a medium-balanced body.

CENTRAL REGION: Made up of 16,528 coffee families in 7 municipalities in the center of the department where around 28,973 hectares of coffee are grown, characterized by their high technology and productivity with average temperatures between 22- ° C and 29 ° C, warmer than in Pitalito . Its cup profile is characterized by having an expressive fragrance and aroma of flora, a fruity flavor with notes of caramel, citric acidity and a round, creamy, balanced and clean body.

Its cup profile is characterized by having an expressive flora fragrance and aroma, a fruity flavor with notes of caramel, citric acidity and a round, creamy, balanced and clean body.

WESTERN REGION: In this region, coffee is cultivated and harvested by 11,880 families with indigenous influence, in 5 municipalities in the eastern part of the department, with a coffee-growing area of ​​18,053 mountainous hectares, with an average temperature slightly lower: 18 ° C and 24 ° C. This area stands out for having its harvest during the first half of the year and for having a fragrance and aroma of citrus and flora, a flavor with sweet and sour notes, citrus and yellow fruits, a medium acidity and a medium creamy, balanced body. . with a persistent residue.

REGION R: 31,598 hectares of coffee are cultivated here in 13 municipalities, including the capital of the department of Huila, Neiva, which has a hot and dry climate and an average temperature of 15 ° C to 24 ° C. There are 16,133 producing coffees that harvest in this subregion where its coffee is characterized in the cup by its aromatic and citric fragrance and aroma, flavor with citrus notes, panela and dark chocolate, with medium acidity and medium creamy body.